Fight Against Cancer
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Fight Against Breast Cancer

Hello Friends,

In a previous article we talked about fight against diabetes. Here today we are going to talk about breast cancer. Which is mostly common cancer in our generation nowadays, this article will help you to aware about breast cancer.Our goal is a better life for everyone.

What is breast cancer ?

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, after skin cancer. it can also affect men. This article deals with breast cancer in women.Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.It is a disease that occurs when cells in breast tissue change or mutate and keep reproducing. These abnormal cells usually cluster together to form a tumor.

Symptoms & Types of breast cancer

There’s no special technique to check your breasts. Everyone’s breasts are different, so get to know how your breasts normally look and feel. That way, it’s easier to spot anything unusual.Lumps are important to look for, and can be the first symptom of breast cancer for many women. But there are other signs and symptoms you should look out for.

Breast cancer does not always produce symptoms; women may have cancers that are so small they do not produce masses that can be felt or other recognizable changes in the breast. When symptoms do occur, a lump or mass in the breast is the most common symptom.

Other possible symptoms include

  • Fluid from the nipple. Fluid may be bloody, clear to yellow, green, or look like pus
  • Nipple discharge or redness, and usually does not hurt
  • Swelling of part of the breast.
  • Changes in the skin such as puckering or dimpling

Symptoms of advanced breast cancer may include

  • Breast pain or discomfort
  • Bone pain
  • Skin ulcers
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpit (next to the breast with cancer)
  • Weight loss

There are two main types of breast cancer

  • Ductal carcinoma – It starts in the tubes (ducts) that carry milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type.
  • Lobular carcinoma – It starts in the parts of the breast, called lobules, which produce milk.

In some rare cases, breast cancer can start in other areas of the breast.

The following are other uncommon types of breast cancer

  • Papillary carcinoma
  • Angiosarcoma
  • Tubular carcinoma
  • Phyllodes tumor

A 2003 study showed an earlier age for breast cancer diagnosis in women who shaved their underarms more frequently and used underarm deodorants.

Tests and procedures used to diagnose breast cancer include

  • Breast ultrasound to show whether the lump is solid or fluid-filled
  • Breast MRI to help better identify the breast lump or evaluate an abnormal change on a mammogram
  • PET scan to check if the cancer has spread
  • Breast biopsy, using methods such as needle aspiration, ultrasound-guided, stereotactic, or open
  • CT scan to check if the cancer has spread outside the breast
  • Mammography to screen for breast cancer or help identify the breast lump
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy to check if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes

Breast cancer treatment

Treatment is based on many factors, including

  • It depends on type of breast cancer
  • Stage of the breast cancer
  • Whether the cancer overproduces (overexpresses) the HER2/neu protein
  • Whether the cancer is sensitive to certain hormones

Breast Cancer treatments may include

  • Hormone therapy.
  • Chemotherapy for breast cancer , which uses medicines to kill cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy for breast cancer , which is used to destroy cancerous tissue.
  • Targeted therapy uses medicine to attack the gene changes in cancer cells. Hormone therapy is an example of targeted therapy. It blocks certain hormones that fuel cancer growth.
  • Surgery to remove cancerous tissue: A lumpectomy removes the breast lump. Mastectomy removes all or part of the breast and possibly nearby structures. Nearby lymph nodes may also be removed during surgery.

What can I do to reduce my risk of breast cancer?

These simple steps can help lower the risk of breast cancer. Not every one applies to every woman, but together they can have a big impact.

  • Limit alcohol
  • Maintaining a healthy weight, being overweight can increase the risk of many different cancers, including breast cancer.
  • Don’t smoke
  • Be physically active
  • Breast feed, the longer you breast-feed, the greater the protective effect
  • Eat fruits & vegetables
  • Avoid exposure to radiation and environmental pollution
  • Avoid birth control pills, particularly after age 35

What else can I do?

If you notice any changes in your breasts, such as a new lump or skin changes, consult your doctor. Also, ask your doctor when to begin mammograms (Mammography is specialized medical imaging that uses a low dose x-ray system to see inside the breasts) and other screenings based on your personal history.

Some important links

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Fitness/Diseases
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Fight Against Diabetes

Hello Friends,

In a previous article we talked about heart, ‪cardiovascular disease. Here today we are going to talk about Diabetes ‬‬.Which is mostly common in our generation nowadays, this article will help you to aware about diabetes.Our goal is a better life for everyone.

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar is too high, blood sugar is the source that comes from food that you eat. Having  a too much glucose  in your blood can causes heath problem, and also diabetes has no cure you have to take some steps to stay healthy.

Different type of diabetes

  • In type one diabetes – Your body does not make insulin, (Insulin is a hormone that made by pancreas helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy) Your immune system that attack and destroy pancreas that make insulin. In type one diabetes can be diagnosed usually in the children and adult but it can appear at any stage.
  • In type two Diabetes – Your body does not make and use insulin, and it can be occur at any age group even also children’s and middle age group. But generally seen that this type of diabetes can occur at middle age group and older age group.
  • Gestational Diabetes – This type of diabetes generally found in some women’s who are into in the pregnancy stage, but it can be controlled during the baby born. If you had a gestational diabetes than you have a  great chance of developing diabetes too in later life.

What other diseases can occur due to diabetes

  • Blood Pressure
  • Heart Problem
  • Kidney Problem
  • Eye Problem
  • Nerve Damage
  • Foot Problem

Symptoms of diabetes

  • Frequent urination
  • Disproportionate thirst
  • Weight gain
  • Usually weight loss
  • Intense hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Gums are red or swollen

Precaution of diabetes

  • Routine Check Up
  • Proper Healthy Diet
  • Quit Smoking and Alcohol
  • Pay Attention To Your Feet
  • Exercise regularly

Treatment of diabetes

  • Type 1 diabetes can be treated be insulin or change diet of and regular exercise.
  • Type 2 diabetes can be treated by non insulin or weight reduce or regular exercise.
  • Gestational Diabetes always includes special meal plans and scheduled physical activity. It may also include daily  insulin injections and blood glucose testing.

Diabetes diet

  • Balanced food
  • Nutritious diet
  • Low fat food

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Fitness/Diseases
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Heart, Cardiovascular Disease

Hello Friends,

In a previous article we talked about schizophrenia mental disorder. Here today we are going to talk about heart, ‪cardiovascular disease‬‬. Have your heard about heart, ‪cardiovascular disease, which is mostly common in our generation nowadays. If not ,don’t worry, this article will help you to aware about cardiovascular disease. Our goal is a better life for everyone.

A heart attack happens when there is a sudden complete blockage of an artery that supplies blood to an area of your heart. Due to the fatty material called plaque the smooth inner wall of artery will damaged. During the heart attack chest pain are common symptoms and there is a lose of blood supply in heart also.Risk factor is increases when men is over 45 and women is over 55, as smoking also causes the high chance of risk factor of heart attack.

Symptoms Of Heart Attack

  •  Uncomfortable pressure
  • Paining in center of the chest
  • Discomfort
  • Paining can spread beyond the neck
  • Shoulder and one side or both side of arms
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath

Risk Factor Of Heart Attack

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Family history
  • High blood pressure
  • Diet
  • Hypertension

How To Prevent Heart Attack

  • Quitting Smoking and alcohol
  • Control blood pressure
  • Regular exercise
  • Consumption of healthy food
  • Maintains blood cholesterol at optimum level.

Diagnosis and Treatment

You will need to change your lifestyle to help prevent or control  heart diseases and so reduce the risk of a first or repeat heart attack. The tests you’ll need to diagnose your heart disease depend on what condition your doctor thinks you might have. For that various test are included.

  • Chest X ray
  • ECG or electrocardiograph
  • Cardiac enzyme tests

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Schizophrenia Mental Disorder

Hello Friends,

In a previous article we talked about migraine. Here today we are going to talk about schizophrenia . Have your heard about schizophrenia mental disorder, before ? if not ,don’t worry, this article will help you. Our goal is a better life for everyone affected by mental illness.

schizophrenia mental disorder is a serious mental illness that interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions and relate to others. It is a complex, long-term medical illness.Schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; and may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations. It is possible to live well with schizophrenia.

Behaviors that are early warning signs of schizophrenia include

  • A constant feeling of being watched
  • Hearing or seeing something that isn’t there
  • Strange body positioning
  • Peculiar or nonsensical way of speaking or writing
  • Feeling indifferent to very important situations
  • A change in personal hygiene and appearance
  • Deterioration of academic or work performance
  • A change in personality
  • Increasing withdrawal from social situations
  • Inability to sleep or concentrate
  • Irrational, angry or fearful response to loved ones
  • Extreme preoccupation with religion or the occult
  • Inappropriate or bizarre behavior

Symptoms of schizophrenia mental disorder

In teens, it can be difficult to diagnose schizophrenia. This is because the first signs can include  a drop in grades, change of friends, sleep problems, and irritability common and nonspecific adolescent behavior.

Positive symptoms of schizophrenia mental disorder

  • Hallucinations: Seeing, feeling, tasting, hearing or smelling something that doesn’t really exist.Voices may involve people that are known or unknown to the person hearing them.
  • Delusions: These are false beliefs. False ideas individuals may believe that someone is spying on him or her.
  • Disordered thinking and speech: The person may jump from one topic to another for no logical reason,in a nonsensical fashion.
  • Cognitive issues/disorganized thinking: The cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia often struggle to remember things, organize their thoughts or complete tasks.
  • Social withdrawal: They believe somebody is going to harm them.

Negative symptoms of schizophrenia mental disorder

Negative symptoms often include being emotionally flat or speaking in a dull, disconnected way. For example, absence of facial expressions or lack of motivation.

What are the causes of schizophrenia mental disorder ?

The cause of schizophrenia is still unclear. Evidence suggests that genetic and environmental factors act together to bring about schizophrenia.

Research suggests below points have several possible causes

  • Genetic inheritance: If there is no history of schizophrenia in a family, the chances of developing it are less than 1 percent. However, that risk rises to 10 – 13  percent if a parent was diagnosed. The highest risk occurs when an identical twin is diagnosed with schizophrenia. The unaffected twin has a roughly 50% chance of developing the disorder.
  • Brain chemistry: Problems with certain brain chemicals, experts believe that an imbalance of dopamine(Dopamine is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body. ), a neurotransmitter(Neurotransmitters allow brain cells to communicate with each other), is involved in the onset of schizophrenia. Networks of neurons are likely involved as well.
  • Environmental factors: There is no definite proof, many suspect trauma before birth and viral infections may contribute to the development of the disease. Babies whose mothers get the flu while they are pregnant are at higher risk of developing schizophrenia later in life. People who are hospitalized for severe infections are also at higher risk.
  • Substance use: Some studies have suggested that taking mind altering drugs during teen years and young adulthood can increase the risk of schizophrenia. Another study has found that smoking marijuana led to earlier onset of schizophrenia and often preceded the manifestation of the illness.

Treatment

There is no cure for schizophrenia, but it can be treated and managed in several ways.Many patients do well with minimal symptoms or periods of recovery.Drug treatment can reduce symptoms and greatly reduce future relapses.

  • Antipsychotic medications
  • Self-management strategies and education
  • Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and assertive community treatment and supportive therapy

Related Conditions

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Schizophreniform disorder
  • Brief psychotic disorder
  • Schizoaffective disorder
  • Delusional disorder
  • Major depression
  • Substance abuse
  • Catatonia

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