In a previous article we talked about migraine. Here today we are going to talk about schizophrenia . Have your heard about schizophrenia mental disorder, before ? if not ,don’t worry, this article will help you. Our goal is a better life for everyone affected by mental illness.
schizophrenia mental disorder is a serious mental illness that interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions and relate to others. It is a complex, long-term medical illness.Schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; and may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations. It is possible to live well with schizophrenia.
Behaviors that are early warning signs of schizophrenia include
- A constant feeling of being watched
- Hearing or seeing something that isn’t there
- Strange body positioning
- Peculiar or nonsensical way of speaking or writing
- Feeling indifferent to very important situations
- A change in personal hygiene and appearance
- Deterioration of academic or work performance
- A change in personality
- Increasing withdrawal from social situations
- Inability to sleep or concentrate
- Irrational, angry or fearful response to loved ones
- Extreme preoccupation with religion or the occult
- Inappropriate or bizarre behavior
Symptoms of schizophrenia mental disorder
In teens, it can be difficult to diagnose schizophrenia. This is because the first signs can include a drop in grades, change of friends, sleep problems, and irritability common and nonspecific adolescent behavior.
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia mental disorder
- Hallucinations: Seeing, feeling, tasting, hearing or smelling something that doesn’t really exist.Voices may involve people that are known or unknown to the person hearing them.
- Delusions: These are false beliefs. False ideas individuals may believe that someone is spying on him or her.
- Disordered thinking and speech: The person may jump from one topic to another for no logical reason,in a nonsensical fashion.
- Cognitive issues/disorganized thinking: The cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia often struggle to remember things, organize their thoughts or complete tasks.
- Social withdrawal: They believe somebody is going to harm them.
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia mental disorder
Negative symptoms often include being emotionally flat or speaking in a dull, disconnected way. For example, absence of facial expressions or lack of motivation.
What are the causes of schizophrenia mental disorder ?
The cause of schizophrenia is still unclear. Evidence suggests that genetic and environmental factors act together to bring about schizophrenia.
Research suggests below points have several possible causes
- Genetic inheritance: If there is no history of schizophrenia in a family, the chances of developing it are less than 1 percent. However, that risk rises to 10 – 13 percent if a parent was diagnosed. The highest risk occurs when an identical twin is diagnosed with schizophrenia. The unaffected twin has a roughly 50% chance of developing the disorder.
- Brain chemistry: Problems with certain brain chemicals, experts believe that an imbalance of dopamine(Dopamine is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body. ), a neurotransmitter(Neurotransmitters allow brain cells to communicate with each other), is involved in the onset of schizophrenia. Networks of neurons are likely involved as well.
- Environmental factors: There is no definite proof, many suspect trauma before birth and viral infections may contribute to the development of the disease. Babies whose mothers get the flu while they are pregnant are at higher risk of developing schizophrenia later in life. People who are hospitalized for severe infections are also at higher risk.
- Substance use: Some studies have suggested that taking mind altering drugs during teen years and young adulthood can increase the risk of schizophrenia. Another study has found that smoking marijuana led to earlier onset of schizophrenia and often preceded the manifestation of the illness.
There is no cure for schizophrenia, but it can be treated and managed in several ways.Many patients do well with minimal symptoms or periods of recovery.Drug treatment can reduce symptoms and greatly reduce future relapses.
- Antipsychotic medications
- Self-management strategies and education
- Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and assertive community treatment and supportive therapy
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Posttraumatic stress disorder
- Schizophreniform disorder
- Brief psychotic disorder
- Schizoaffective disorder
- Delusional disorder
- Major depression
- Substance abuse