In a previous article we talked about Fight Against Smoking. Here today we are going to talk about Swine Flu. According to the latest report by the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP), 23 cases of H1N1 already this year. And four deaths were reported from Delhi and neighbouring areas , this article will help you to aware about H1N1. Our goal is a better life for everyone.
The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the H1N1 pandemic over in August 2010. Since then, the H1N1 virus has been known as a regular human flu virus. It continues to spread during flu season like other strains of the flu.
What is Swine flu ?
Swine Flu is a disease, which is spread among pigs by direct and indirect contact, aerosols, and from pigs that are infected. In many parts of the world, pigs are vaccinated against swine flu. Most commonly, swine flu is of the H1N1 influenza subtype. However, swine flu viruses can sometimes come from other subtypes, such as H1N2, H3N1, and H3N2.
The symptoms of swine flu in humans are very much similar like regular flu.They includes
- Sore throat
- Body aches
- Stuffy nose
How to fight against H1N1 ?
- Take rest. This will help your immune system focus on fighting the infection.
- Drink plenty of water and other liquids to prevent dehydration.
- Take pain relievers for symptoms like as headache and sore throat.
- Getting plenty of sleep
- Eating a balanced diet
Do not get in touch with people’s who are infected. Be careful and stay away from the crowds if there is a swine flu outbreak in your area.
How to prevent the spread of infection ?
- Frequently wash your hands with soap or hand sanitizer
- Do not touch your nose, mouth, or eyes (The virus can survive on surfaces)
- Avoiding large gatherings when swine flu outbreak in your area
- Do not go to work or school. if you’re infected
Vaccine against H1N1
vaccine has been produced to protect humans against the H1N1 strain of swine flu. This was introduced following a pandemic of swine flu in 2009 and 2010.
There are some drugs available that can effectively treat swine flu. The two main treatments are adamantanes, including amantadine and rimantadine, and medications that inhibit the influenza neuraminidase protein, such as oseltamivir and zanamivir. Because flu viruses can develop resistance to these drugs, they are often reserved for people who are at high risk for complications from the flu.
- Antiviral drug : Reduces viruses’ ability to replicate.
- Cough medicine : Blocks the cough reflex. Some may thin and loosen mucus, making it easier to clear from the airways.
- Decongestant : Relieves nasal congestion, swelling and runny nose.
- Analgesic : Relieves pain.
- Nonsteroidal anti-Inflammatory drug : Relieves pain, decreases inflammation and reduces fever.
However, most people with swine influenza recover completely without the need for medical attention.