In a previous article we talked about fight against diabetes. Here today we are going to talk about breast cancer. Which is mostly common cancer in our generation nowadays, this article will help you to aware about breast cancer.Our goal is a better life for everyone.
What is breast cancer ?
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, after skin cancer. it can also affect men. This article deals with breast cancer in women.Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.It is a disease that occurs when cells in breast tissue change or mutate and keep reproducing. These abnormal cells usually cluster together to form a tumor.
Symptoms & Types
There’s no special technique to check your breasts. Everyone’s breasts are different, so get to know how your breasts normally look and feel. That way, it’s easier to spot anything unusual.Lumps are important to look for, and can be the first symptom of breast cancer for many women. But there are other signs and symptoms you should look out for.
Breast cancer does not always produce symptoms; women may have cancers that are so small they do not produce masses that can be felt or other recognizable changes in the breast. When symptoms do occur, a lump or mass in the breast is the most common symptom.
Other possible symptoms include
- Fluid from the nipple. Fluid may be bloody, clear to yellow, green, or look like pus
- Nipple discharge or redness, and usually does not hurt
- Swelling of part of the breast.
- Changes in the skin such as puckering or dimpling
- Breast pain or discomfort
- Bone pain
- Skin ulcers
- Swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpit (next to the breast with cancer)
- Weight loss
There are two main types of breast cancer
- Ductal carcinoma – It starts in the tubes (ducts) that carry milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type.
- Lobular carcinoma – It starts in the parts of the breast, called lobules, which produce milk.
In some rare cases, breast cancer can start in other areas of the breast.
The following are other uncommon types of breast cancer
- Papillary carcinoma
- Tubular carcinoma
- Phyllodes tumor
A 2003 study showed an earlier age for breast cancer diagnosis in women who shaved their underarms more frequently and used underarm deodorants.
Tests and procedures used to diagnose
- Breast ultrasound to show whether the lump is solid or fluid-filled
- Breast MRI to help better identify the breast lump or evaluate an abnormal change on a mammogram
- PET scan to check if the cancer has spread
- Breast biopsy, using methods such as needle aspiration, ultrasound-guided, stereotactic, or open
- CT scan to check if the cancer has spread outside the breast
- Mammography to screen for breast cancer or help identify the breast lump
- Sentinel lymph node biopsy to check if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes
Treatment is based on many factors, including
- It depends on type of breast cancer
- Stage of the breast cancer
- Whether the cancer overproduces (overexpresses) the HER2/neu protein
- Whether the cancer is sensitive to certain hormones
Treatments may include
- Hormone therapy.
- Chemotherapy for breast cancer , which uses medicines to kill cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy for breast cancer , which is used to destroy cancerous tissue.
- Targeted therapy uses medicine to attack the gene changes in cancer cells. Hormone therapy is an example of targeted therapy. It blocks certain hormones that fuel cancer growth.
- Surgery to remove cancerous tissue: A lumpectomy removes the breast lump. Mastectomy removes all or part of the breast and possibly nearby structures. Nearby lymph nodes may also be removed during surgery.
What can i do to reduce my risk ?
These simple steps can help lower the risk of breast cancer. Not every one applies to every woman, but together they can have a big impact.
- Limit alcohol
- Maintaining a healthy weight, being overweight can increase the risk of many different cancers, including breast cancer.
- Don’t smoke
- Be physically active
- Breast feed, the longer you breast-feed, the greater the protective effect
- Eat fruits & vegetables
- Avoid exposure to radiation and environmental pollution
- Avoid birth control pills, particularly after age 35
What else can i do ?
If you notice any changes in your breasts, such as a new lump or skin changes, consult your doctor. Also, ask your doctor when to begin mammograms (Mammography is specialized medical imaging that uses a low dose x-ray system to see inside the breasts) and other screenings based on your personal history.